Agar Agar Bioplastics: Latest Trends, Advances, and Applications for Sustainable Fashion and Interior Design

Agar Agar Bioplastics: Latest Trends, Advances, and Applications for Sustainable Fashion and Interior Design

Agar Agar Bioplastics: Latest Trends, Advances, and Applications for Sustainable Fashion and Interior Design


Agar agar, a gelatinous substance derived from red algae, has emerged as a promising alternative to traditional petroleum-based plastics. Its biocompatibility, touch-screen compatibility, and biodegradability make it an attractive option for sustainable fashion and interior design. At Mashua Project, we’ve been researching and developing Agar agar bioplastics, and we’re excited to share the latest trends, advances, and applications in this field.

Improving Mechanical Properties:

Strength, stiffness, and toughness are crucial mechanical properties for Agar agar bioplastics to become suitable for a wider range of applications.
Researchers at the University of Washington (UW) have made significant progress in this area by optimizing the microstructure and bonding within the bioplastics through careful control of processing conditions. Incorporating reinforcing agents like nanocellulose and nano clay has resulted in stronger and stiffer Agar agar bioplastics.

It was also found that the best bioplastic blend was with agar: chitosan ratio of 52%: 13%, which resulted in properties like tensile strength, elongation, moisture content, and water vapor transmission rate.

Furthermore, Agar-based nanocomposite films reinforced with Ag-Cu alloy nanoparticles exhibit antibacterial activity, making them useful for food preservation.

Addressing Water Sensitivity:

Water sensitivity is a common issue with Agar agar bioplastics, which can compromise their performance in certain environments. Researchers are exploring strategies to address this, such as the addition of hydrophobic compounds or the development of multilayer structures that can protect the Agar agar bioplastic from moisture. By making the bioplastics more water-resistant, their potential use cases can expand to include outdoor applications and products exposed to high humidity or precipitation.

Agar Agar Bioplastics with Coffee Waste:

Triglycerides extracted from coffee waste using a green chemistry approach are promising candidates for producing bioplastics. The incorporation of coffee grounds into pectin matrices for bioplastic composites can be optimized through UV curing, which improves mechanical properties such as elasticity and tensile strength. Spent coffee grounds in thermoplastic starch blends improve UV resistance, radical scavenging activity, thermal stability, and elastic modulus without affecting tensile strength.Exploring

New Applications:

Agar agar bioplastics have the potential to be used in fire-resistant plastics, thanks to the unique properties of the algae-derived compound.
This could open opportunities in industries like data centres, where traditional plastics pose a fire risk. Additionally, the biocompatibility of Agar agar bioplastics makes them a promising candidate for medical applications, such as sutures, implants, and tissue engineering scaffolds.

Next Steps:

To further drive innovation and engagement in the Agar agar bioplastics space, Mashua Project is excited to announce our upcoming Agar Agar Bioplastics Workshop. This hands-on event will provide our community of bio-makers with the opportunity to learn from experts, experiment with the latest formulations, and share their own insights and creations.
By fostering collaboration and user-generated content, we can continue to push the boundaries of what’s possible with Agar agar bioplastics.Stay tuned for more details on the workshop and be sure to follow us on social media for the latest updates on Agar agar bioplastics research and development.
Together, we can contribute to the growing body of knowledge around these fascinating biomaterials and promote comprehensive wellbeing in the fashion and interior design industries.Keywords: Agar agar, bioplastics, wellbeing, comprehensive wellbeing, sustainable fashion, interior design, nanocellulose, nano clay, copper silver nanoparticles, hydrophobic compounds, coffee waste, fire-resistant plastics, medical applications.

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Agar agar Bioplastics’ Research Process by Mashua Project

#agar agar-agar-biotextiles, #bioplastics, #biomaterials, #regenerativedesign, #biotextiles #biofactory, #bioloom,  #bioplasticos, #algae #coffee #waste

Senior Dental Care for Holistic Well-being

Senior Dental Care for Holistic Well-being

Senior Dental Care for Holistic Well-being

As we navigate the silver economy, prioritizing seniors’ well-being takes center stage. This blog unveils the synergy between innovative dental care habits, technology-based solutions, and the overarching impact on seniors’ vitality. Delve into “The Power of Senior Dental Care: Beyond Toothbrushes” as we explore the transformative role of self-care practices tailored to our aging population.

Telehealth Revolutionizing Dental Care for Seniors

Embracing the silver economy involves adopting cutting-edge solutions like Dental Telehealth. Defined by the World Health Organization as the use of technology to provide healthcare services remotely, tele dentistry emerges as a game-changer. Our exploration begins with insights from a PubMed article, for vulnerable populations and cost-effective oral health services for seniors.

Photo by cottonbro studio

Dental Irrigators: Eco-friendly Innovations for Senior Oral Health

Traditional toothbrushes remain vital, yet the silver economy thrives on innovation. Enter dental irrigators, eco-friendly tools that transcend conventional dental care. Discover how these devices, especially battery-free alternatives, offer seniors thorough plaque removal, reducing risks associated with gum disease, cavities, and even Electrocardiovascular Diseases (ECDs).

Photo of Battery and electricity free dental irrigators by Amazon.

Explore the detailed advantages of dental irrigators: ease of use, accessibility to challenging areas, and their gentle yet efficient cleaning. Witness how integrating these tools into seniors’ self-care routines significantly enhances oral health, contributing to an elevated quality of life.

Photo by RDN Stock Project

Benefits of Proper Dental Care for Seniors: A Comprehensive Overview

1. Oral Health Maintenance: Seniors thriving in the silver economy reap the rewards of maintaining optimal oral health—preventing gum disease, cavities, and ensuring comfortable oral function.

2. Prevention of Dental Pain: Prioritize seniors’ daily comfort by reducing the risk of dental pain through proper oral care, minimizing the need for invasive treatments.

3. Boosted Self-Esteem: A healthy smile becomes a cornerstone of seniors’ self-esteem, fostering a positive outlook on life and contributing to overall well-being.

4. Improved Nutrition: The silver economy flourishes when seniors can maintain healthy teeth, enabling them to consume a diverse and balanced diet, fundamental for overall nutrition.

Correlation Between Dental Diseases and Systemic Health Issues

Dental diseases ripple beyond oral health, impacting seniors’ overall well-being. Explore the interconnectedness:

1. Cardiovascular Diseases: Uncover the link between gum disease and cardiovascular issues, supported by reputable sources such as Colgate and Harvard Health.

2. Diabetes: Navigate the intricate relationship between poorly managed dental health, blood sugar control, and the bidirectional link with diabetes.

3. Respiratory Infections: Understand how untreated bacterial infections in the mouth can lead to respiratory infections, particularly in seniors with compromised immune systems.

4. Osteoporosis: Uncover the impact of osteoporosis on the jawbone and its potential consequences for senior dental health.

5. Alzheimer’s Disease: Explore evolving studies suggesting a potential connection between oral health and cognitive decline, emphasizing the importance of dental care for seniors.


Therefore, this exploration reaffirms that proper dental care is a cornerstone of senior well-being, transcending oral health to prevent a spectrum of systemic issues. Regular check-ups and robust oral hygiene practices are pivotal in nurturing the silver economy, ensuring seniors thrive in holistic health.

The Future of Fashion: Open Source Modular Design

The Future of Fashion: Open Source Modular Design

The Future of Fashion: Open Source Modular Design

How do you imagine the future of fashion? One of the latest series available in Netflix called THE FUTURE OF, is a docuseries that consists of short episodes (each around 20 minutes) that revolve around what the future of a particular item or topic will be, including the Future of Fashion. In the future we will all be able to customize and make our own garments and accessories at home. How will this be possible? One of the main critical points of innovation will be the change of mindset from exclusive to inclusive and Open Source, making it possible that everybody can have access to different patterns and designs that each of us can personalize and make at home.

From June 6th to 11th we attended the Fabricademy Bootcamp in Geneva, we had the opportunity to reconnect with the maker community in the European Union and refresh our knowledge on Open Source Modular Design, Vanguard Dyeing, Biomaterials, Wearables, Soft Robotics and Open Source Hardware.

🧩 This project is inspired by one of the most famous iconographies that are present in the main avenues of Barcelona at Paseo de Gracia, where hydraulic tiles are the main protagonists of the streets, which reminds us how Nature was the main source of inspiration for Antoni Gaudí.

🧩 Gaudi’s work is the result of an observation of nature, this being his great teacher. From the bees he adopted the catenary arch that they use in the hive, the hexagonal shapes of their cells and the virtues of collaborative and supportive work of bees.

Foto de Olya Kobruseva (Pexels)

🧩 Hexagons are one of the most used geometric shapes for very efficient and waste reduction constructions and that’s why I decided to use them to design the garment of the future modernist art lover.

🧩 For this project, I was able to give a second life to a beautiful pink leather that belonged to an old sofa belonging to one of the Onlfait Geneve designers.

🧩Main advantages of using Open-Source Modular Design is that we considerably reduce waste, by using tessellations that interlock and nest perfectly, in such a way that any fashion garment or accessory that we create doesn’t need stitches and become adaptable, customized, and even perfectly interlocked in 3D.

🌱 If you would like to get some more inspiration about how you can start implementing Modular Design in your upcoming fashion projects you can have access to different Open Source Projects by accessing to the following link: and contacting the closest Fab Lab Node in your community

#3dprinting #lasercutting #fablab #textilelab #biodesign #technology #wearables #biomaterials #design #computationaldesign #crafts #sustainability #innovation #fablab #fablabnetwork #fashion #textiledesign #design #project #sustainability #research

Regenerative Design and Concept

Regenerative Design and Concept

Regenerative Design and Concept

Every regenerative product or service is born from a process of analysis and identification of the type of solution that we intend to offer. Many times, we have stalled along the way, have it not happened to you? What do we do at that time? To help you, I have made a compilation of 10 key aspects to take in consideration, when developing a product or service under a regenerative concept.

1. What’s the problem? What issue have you identified? For example: Excessive consumption of plastics, loss of marine biodiversity, pollution of rivers, etc.

notebook beside the iphone on table
Photo by on

2. What solution can you offer? What kind of solution will you offer with your product or service? What type of regenerative impact are you delivering (social, cultural, environmental, or economic)? Who are the main stakeholders?, being our Planet and Society, the main participants.

3. Who are your clients? Who will be your clients? Here, you must describe in detail the characteristics of your Buyer Persona (Profile of your Target Customer). What are their interests, their concerns? What places do they frequent? What kind of digital tools do they use to choose a product or service, which influencers or references in Regenerative Fashion do they admire?

4. Who are your competitors? With the current globalization, we currently compete with global brands, therefore, the competitive advantage must be closely connected to the regenerative value proposal that you offer. In this link, you can find some key tools to be able to carry out the evaluation of your competition. Take in consideration that a good start will be looking for market research reports like Statista, OMS, World Economic Forum among others related to our now days digital ecosystems.

water swimming competition pool
Photo by Pixabay on

Remember that in addition to evaluating what fraction of the market they lead, you must analyze how they are managing their strategic, operational and support processes.

“Design creates culture. Culture shapes values. Values determine the future.”

— Robert L. Peters, designer and author

5. Strategy of the Regenerative Product or Service: Here it is important to carry out an evaluation of the environment with a SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats), PESTEL (political, economic, social, technological, ecological and legal environment, Porter Force Analysis, analysis of organizational capabilities the 7s and define if we choose to compete in an environment of high competition (RED) or BLUE ocean scenarios (minimal or no competition).

6. Define Key Processes: in the fashion sector are Research and Development, Concept and Storytelling of the product or service, but very essential is prototyping where we can quickly design, manufacture, and test the level of success of the new product or service and in addition to its final cost. One quote that resumes this part is: “Design creates culture. Culture shapes values. Values determine the future.” — Robert L. Peters, designer and author.

7. Design and Concept: At this stage of the development of the concept and idea, agile and systematic ideation tools such as Brainstorming and Mind Maps come into play, as for the product development phase, tools such as Design Thinking, Design Tools such as Rhinoceros, Adobe XD, Sketch, Fusion 360 and others. Also type of digital technology that will be used for its fabrication such as laser cutting and engraving, 3D printing, milling, embroidery and digital fabric are used for prototyping and final manufacturing.

Agar agar Bioplastic Research by Mashua Project at Factory 103.

Finally, once the prototype has been validated, the production and marketing of the product proceeds. It should be noted that in this last part the marketing channels are today online, and marketing goes hand in hand with the development of a Digital Marketing strategy.

8. Selection of Technologies and Materials: This process is key because it will define the level of quality and alignment of the final product or service with the needs of the consumer. On the other hand, it will define the level of environmental, social, and cultural impact of the same. In this process, we will ask ourselves the following questions: Is the final product compostable? Is it biodegradable? What is the average lifetime of the product? What is the carbon footprint of your production? Estimated production time? Machine Hours, Man Hours; etc.

“Every great design begins with an even better story.” 

– Lorinda Mamo, designer

9. Costing, Financing and Production: After carrying out a detailed costing of the materials, labor, marketing and distribution expenses, production and administration, the correct thing to do is to carry out an economic and financial analysis of the product or service generated under 3 scenarios: the optimist, conservative and pessimist. Very important, define the percentage that can be financed with own resources and the percentage that will have to be financed by incubators, financial entities or subsidized by the State, if applicable.

10. Control and Monitoring: Here we analyze the results through an analysis of financial indicators, sales, production, quality, sustainability, social responsibility and very important the results of the surveys of our clients, because in the end it is about to determine whether our value proposition is meaningful to our customers and why.

It should be noted that aspects 1 to 6 generally correspond to the strategic processes during the generation of products and services, and that processes 6 to 10 correspond to the operational and support ones.

Conclusion, if you are in the process of developing a new product or service, the starting point is the problem or “pain point” identified (the need) and once the proposed solution has been validated through the prototyping process, you will be able to make your proposal of value is scalable through the development of steps 7 to 10. Another aspect to consider is that not all tools work for all projects, so the journey consists of identifying which ones really complement and will accompany you on your journey as a creator, researcher, bio manufacturer or/and entrepreneur.

#regenerativeconcept, #design, #regenerativesolutions,#design,#art,#creativity,#processes,#fabrication, #productmanagement

10 Things to know about Agar Agar Bioplastics

10 Things to know about Agar Agar Bioplastics

10 Things to know about Agar Agar Bioplastics

The main (bio)material we used for our latest  Bio Uncu Maker is based on Agar agar, a gelatinous substance made with an extract of red algae abundant on the Pacific coast of Peru and Chile.

Did you know that this biomaterial is biocompatible with human skin? And the fact that this considerably reduces the probability of an allergic reaction occurring?

Another amazing fact is that Agar agar bioplastics affect touch capacitive screens! Amazing, right?!

Our research and development process began with the generation of the biomaterial, which brought us many lessons learned that we want to share with our future bio makers:

  • Tip 1: Agar agar’s Powder form dissolves faster and more evenly

Agar is available in three different formats (bars, granules, and powder). Because agar needs to be heated to 90°C to dissolve properly in liquid, the powdered form is easiest to work with. If you are using bars or flakes, we suggest you break them into a powder first, using a coffee or spice grinder. The powder form dissolves faster and more evenly.

  • Tip 2: Start with a basic recipe and then try different combinations of Agar agar, Glycerine and Distilled water.

Checkout some online cooking recipes books. Ones that I can truly recommend are the following: The Secrets of Bioplastics by Clara Davis and Bioplastic Cook Book by Anastasia Pistofidou.

An additional thing to know is that a bioplastic made with Agar agar may ‘sweat’ when in humid weather. To prevent this, you may add a little bit of corn starch (corn flour) with Agar agar into the liquid that you are cooking it in.

There are many recipes, but you start your journey with those ingredients that you can find in your community or closest ecosystem, but also keep in mind what type of possible applications of your new biomaterial you can explore and validate further.

  • Tip 3: Check Ph of liquids vehicle and natural dyes

If you’re going to add some natural dyes, the best way to include them in your recipe is to add them at the end of the cooking process. In addition, it is very important that you monitor the level of pH of the liquid solution because Agar agar is sensible to acid pH levels and to the concentration of Calcium in the solution. Therefore for all your liquid ingredients make sure you always use filtered water.

Take in consideration that some natural colors can be thermosensitive (Spiruline and beet for example), therefore you must add them at the very end of your cooking process to prevent any fading.

  • Tip 4: Documentation and Registration of your Bioplastic Journey

This is key for documenting all the lessons learned during your bio-making journey. Excel sheets can help at the beginning for effectively following up a sample’s progress. Don’t forget to include photos. All the morphological transformations will be key for identifying each resulting biomaterial’s possible applications: rugosity, transparency, brightness, flexibility, hardness and density.

Biomaterial Follow Up Chart by Mashua Project
  • Tip 5: Natural dyes preparation

Colour’s selection depends on the concept of your bio project. But here you can find some very useful guidelines for preparing your natural dyes. For example, for our Bio Uncu project we decided to go for an Andean Palette of Colours made with Purple Corn and Annatto.

  • Tip 6: Bubbling control and heating

Having in mind Agar agar bioplastics cool quickly, it is very important to control bubbling before pouring the mixture into the molds. You can stir the bubbles with a spoon or pass the hot mixture through a colander. If you want to remove them in a professional manner, there is specialized equipment for it called Vacuum Bubble Removers.

Another very important method is by controlling the temperature of your preparation, just make sure it does not exceed the 90-95 Celsius degrees.

  • Tip 7: Surfaces of molds

Ideal surfaces for Agar agar bioplastics are glass, textiles with high thread counts of 250 or more and high-density textiles. It will depend on the type of transparency and texture you would like to accomplish.

  • Tip 8: Cooking Time and Volume

Cooking time will depend on the volume of your mixture. For samples between 300ml to 500ml the cooking time over moderate heat is approximately 30min and for volumes greater than 500ml the ideal cooking time is 40 to 45min. Do not forget to control the temperature and shake the mixture continuously to avoid the formation of lumps.

Biotextiles Research by Mashua Project. Location Factory103.
  • Tip 9: How to make an Agar agar bioplastic stronger

Researchers at Tuskegee University in Alabama found that adding nanoparticles made of eggshells to bioplastic increases the strength and flexibility of the material, potentially making it more attractive for use in the packaging industry.

You may experiment with adding other additives (fibers, organic waste; etc) that will make your samples more tough and resistant.

  • Tip 10: The drying and testing process

Agar agar bioplastics shrink a lot in size and thickness over time, and if left in a mold where it’s connected to wooden edges, will form cracks in the center. So, make sure to cut the agar free from the edges of the mold after the first 24 hours of setting.

Wait and dry, typically 2-4 days before you remove your samples from the mold. The morphologic and biomechanical tests of your samples must be done after the second week though.

One very important thing is to let the samples dry in a well ventilated, insulated and dry environment to prevent the samples from mold.

Agar gar Biomaterial Research Progress by Mashua Project.
Bioplastic Progress
Agar agar Bioplastic’s Samples by Mashua Project.

I hope these tips will be useful for you as a good starting point for your journey as future bio makers!

#agar, #bioplastics, #biocompatible, #regenerativedesign, #biotextiles, #microorganisms, #biouncu, #inkatextiles, #biotocapus, #biofactory, #bioloom, #digitalfabrication, #bioplasticos, #algae

Source: Bioplastic Cookbook for Ritual Healing from Petrochemical Landscapes by Tiare Ribeaux

Ten Simple Rules for a Successful Research Collaboration

Ten Simple Rules for a Successful Research Collaboration

Ten Simple Rules for a Successful Research


Given that collaboration is crucial, how do we pick the right collaborators, and how can you make the collaboration work in the best possible way? This question came to my mind since currently as a regenerative designer I am involved in a few research and development projects and, keeping in mind my ups and downs, I wanted to share with you these simple rules that I believe will help our maker community to choose wisely in which collab projects they should get in or not.

Here are my ten simple rules based on our experience that I hope will help you. Keep in mind that these rules are for both you and your collaborators.

Always remember to treat your collaborators as you would want to be treated yourself and that empathy is the key.

Rule 1: Do Not Be Lured into Just Any Collaboration

Learn to say “No”, even if it is to an attractive grant that would involve a significant amount of money and/or if it is a collaboration with someone more established and well-known. It is easier to say “no” at the beginning—the longer an ill-fated collaboration drags on, the harder it is to sever, and the worse it will be in the end. 

Ask yourself, will this collaboration really make a difference in my research? Does this grant constitute a valid motivation to seek out that collaboration? Do I have the expertise required to tackle the proposed tasks? What priority will this teamwork have for me? Will I be able to deliver on time? If the answer is “no” for even one of these questions, the collaboration could be ill-fated.


Rule 2: Decide at the Beginning Who Will Work on Which Tasks

Carefully establishing the purpose of the collaboration and delegating responsibilities is priceless. Often the collaboration will be defined by a grant. In that case, revisit the specific aims regularly and be sure the respective responsibilities are being met. 

Once given the delegation of tasks, It is very important to discuss expectations for authorship early in the work. New ideas will arise. Have a mutual understanding up-front that these ideas can be embraced as an extension of the original collaboration. Discuss adjustments to the timelines and the order of authors on the final published paper, prototype, or product accordingly. In any case, be comfortable with the anticipated credit you will get from the work. 

At this point I highly recommend using important Project Management Tools such as Discord, Miro, Gantt Diagrams, Trello, Asana, among others. Additional recommended tools can be found on the following link: .

Rule 3: Stick to Your Tasks

Research and Creative Design are such that every answered question begs a number of new questions to be answered. Do not digress into these new questions without first discussing them with your collaborators. Do not change your initial plans without discussing the change with your collaborators. Thinking they will be pleased with your new approach or innovation is often misplaced and can lead to conflict. 

As designers, our main responsibility is to conceptualize and design future products and services by always keeping in mind their impact into the wellbeing of natural and human made ecosystems. Therefore, our solutions should be tested prior to delivering our final products and services.

Some very useful tools for this creative and prototyping process are Design Thinking, Business Model Canvas, among others. For more complex and challenging contexts, Scrum. In regards to technologies and equipment we can mention a few: Laser Cut and Engraving Machines, Digital Milling Machines, 3D Printing, CAD CAM; Sublimation Printing, Digital Ink/Stitch etc.

Rule 4: Be Open and Honest

By using the project and design management tools in Rules 2 and 3, share design drafts, references, data, protocols, materials, etc., and make papers accessible prior to its product / service delivery, paper, magazine and book publication. Remain available. A trusting relationship is important for the collaborative understanding of the problem (that is being solved) and for the subsequent joint thinking throughout the evolution of the collaboration.

Rule 5: Feel Respect, Get Respect

If you do not have respect for the creative, scientific or technical work of your collaborators, you should definitely not be collaborating. Respect here especially means playing by Rules 2–4. If you do not respect your collaborators, it will show. Likewise, if they don’t respect you. Look for the signs. The signs will depend on the personality of your collaborators and range from being aggressive to being passive–aggressive. For example, getting your tasks done in a timely manner should be your priority. 

Showing respect would be to inform your collaborator when you cannot make a previously agreed-upon deadline, so that other arrangements can be made.

Rule 6: Communicate, Communicate, and Communicate

Consistent communication with your collaborators is the best way to make sure the partnership is going in the planned direction. Nothing new here, it is the same as for friendship, marriage or any other significant relationship. Communication is always better face-to-face if possible, for example by traveling to meet your collaborators, or by scheduling discussion related to your collaborations during conferences that the people involved will attend.

Synchronous communication by telephone or video teleconferencing is preferred over asynchronous collaboration by e-mail (data could be exchanged by email prior to a call so that everyone can refer to the data while talking).

The excitement of a new collaboration can often quickly dissipate as the first hurdles to new projects appear. The direct consequence can be a progressive lack of interest and focus to get the job done. After all, your collaborators could just be having a difficult time for reasons outside of their control and unanticipated at the time the collaboration started. After three chances, if it feels like the collaboration cannot be saved, move on. You may still need to deal with the co-authorship, but hopefully for one paper only!

Rule 7: Protect Yourself from a Collaboration That Turns Sour

Rule 8: Always Acknowledge and Cite Your Collaborators

This applies as soon as you mention preliminary results. Be clear on who undertook what aspect of the work being reported. Additionally, citing your collaborators can reveal your dynamism and your skills at developing prosperous professional relationships. This skill will be valued by your peers throughout your career.

Even though you may not encounter severe difficulties that would result in the failure of the partnership, each collaboration will come with a particular set of challenges. To overcome these obstacles, interact with colleagues not involved in the work, such as your former advisors or professors in your department who have probably been through all kinds of collaborations. They will offer insightful advice that will help you move beyond the current crisis. Remember, however, that a crisis can occasionally lead to a breakthrough. Do not, therefore, give up on the collaboration too easily.

Foto de en Pexels

Rule 9: Seek Advice from Experienced Designers, Scientists and ProTechs

Rule 10: If Your Collaboration Satisfies You, Keep It Going

Ever wondered why a pair of authors, creators, designers has published so many papers together? Well, it is like any good recipe: when you find one that works, you cook it again and again. Successful teamwork will tend to keep flourishing—the first project, research paper, product will stimulate deeper and/or broader collaboration projects that will in turn lead to more projects. As you get to know your collaborators, you begin to understand work habits, strengths but also weaknesses, as well as respective areas of knowledge.

Accepting these things and working together can make the work advance rapidly, but do not hurry: it takes time and effort from both sides to get to this point.

Foto de fauxels en Pexels


  • Quentin Vicens is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Fellow at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America. 
  • Philip E. Bourne is the Editor-in-Chief of PLoS Computational Biology.
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